Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul Flood Emergency: Snapshot #3 as of June 10, 2024 – Brazil


Nearly six weeks after extreme weather conditions hit southern Brazil with heavy rains and flooding, water levels are still high in several regions in the southernmost parts of Rio Grande do Sul. With damage in 478 of the 497 municipalities, more than 95 percent of the state was affected, an area comparable to Great Britain. According to local authorities, the flooding is the worst disaster the region has ever experienced. At its peak in mid-May, the floods displaced nearly 700,000 people, with 80,000 taking refuge in shelters.

2.3 million people affected

173 deaths reported


423,000 people displaced




The number of people affected remains 2.3 million, but the death toll has risen to 173, of which 38 are still missing. About 423,000 people remain displaced, including more than 18,000 in shelters and an unknown number of people staying with friends, family and neighbors. On June 6, 95 municipalities are in a state of public calamity and 348 in an emergency situation. As water has receded from major cities and large rural areas, authorities have continued to assess and estimate preliminary losses in housing and livelihoods, including losses in agriculture, livestock and industrial/commercial sectors. A more detailed assessment is expected to take place in the coming weeks. On June 7, a Ministry of Education delegation completed an assessment of the municipal school network in Rio Grande do Sul, which found that 1,052 schools were affected and 35 were completely destroyed. The state government estimates that the floods have affected a total of 4,521 km of streets, avenues, roads and highways in the 78 municipalities that have declared a public state of emergency. This is 124 km greater than the distance to cross Brazil from north to south. The Brazilian Technical Assistance and Rural Development Company (Emater) estimates that 2.7 million hectares of land, almost the entire land area of ​​Belgium, have lost fertility due to the floods. Producers in 405 municipalities have already reported problems. According to the state government, rehabilitation of the degraded land will cost approximately R$16 billion (US$3 billion).

According to research from the University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Rio Grande do Sul faces zero or negative economic growth until August, meaning a potential loss of 4.2 percent, while growth was forecast between 4 and 4.5 percent . The most affected municipalities according to the research are Eldorado do Sul, Canoas and São Leopoldo, with economic declines of 36.3 percent, 19.8 percent and 19.3 percent respectively in May 2024 compared to the same period last year.


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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